Qualified and efficient administrative reform
CreateDate:2021.09.08

In 2018, with the consent of the State Council, the Office of the State Council issued acircular to provide supervision and incentives for the implementation of relevant major policies and measures in 2017 with real efforts and obvious results. Jiangmen was the only city in Guangdong inspired due to the commercial system reform.

Since the establishment of deepening reform leading group as the province "digital government" comprehensive reform pilot by provincial party committee on February 2018,Jiangmen administrative system and mechanism has been striving to build "no block point city government services" with innovation as the guarantee, by sharing information resources integration and application of information technology innovation as the gripper,and continue to deepen "digital government" comprehensive reform pilot and "pipes",and as a result, the modernization of the government's governance system and capacity has been significantly improved, injecting new impetus into the city's business environment and laying a solid digital foundation for high-quality development.

★Comprehensive Reforms in Three Systems

In 2018, Jiangmen focused on the reform of the“three systems”(list system, commission system, and commitment system) to deepen the“decentralization, management and service”reform and advance the“two-no- two-hidden”policy (no thresholds, no charges; storing wealth among the people, storing wealth among enterprises). Therefore, every effort was made to build a more high- quality, efficient, vibrant, fair and harmonious development environment, and further enhance the vitality and competitiveness of economic development.

List System: On the basis of the national initiative of the“1+3+N”open list system, it is further enriched in Jiangmen. Among them,“1”is the“mother list”, i.e. the list of powers and responsibilities, regulating the total power exercised by various departments according to law. Those are not included in the list will not be implemented. In this way, all government powers are included in the list, and anything that is not included in the list shall not be implemented,leaving no more power outside the list.“3+N”is the“sub-list”“. 3”refers to the formulation of negative lists, approval lists and supervision lists for corporate investment and operation activities, which regulates the entire process of corporate investment, operation and management activities before, during and after the events.The comprehensive proposal, compilation and implementation of the“1+3+N”open list system is the first in the Guangdong Province and even the whole country.

Entrustment System: In accordance with the principles of“ reducing hierarchy and decentralizing the power”and“releasing any power that can be released and should be released”, a total of 219 items of city-level authority(involving 170 items of corporate investment andoperation) are entrusted and delegated to each city (district) government in two batches inJiangmen. With an emphasized focus andgreat efforts, the systematic and comprehensive empowerment reform is of great significance, rarely seen in the whole province. In that way, authority is directly given to the city (district) governments to exercise city- level management in the areas under their jurisdiction, and it becomes possible for people to have their affairs handled without leaving their city (district). Thus high- quality, efficient and convenient services are provided to enterprises and people to the utmost.

In 2020, the 219 empowerment matters were adjusted and optimized in combination with the work of institutional reforms, adjustments to laws and regulations, and adjustments togovernment service matters in Jiangmen. At the same time, the reform of the entrustment system will continue to be deepened and 13 more items of city- level authority will be delegated to city (district) departments.

Commitment System:In order to further optimize the business environment of our city,we should explore a new management mode of "no more approval" according to the ideas of"investment policy guidance, establishment of commitment standards, independent commitment of enterprises, sound credit guarantee, strengthening supervision according to law, and improving supporting reforms", so as to greatly shorten the preparation time ofthe project, reduce theinstitutional cost of the project construction, and speed up the project landing. By the end of 2018, 123 projects have been managed by commitment system, and the average speed of pre- project work has increased by 1- 2 months. In September 2018, the provincial Party Committee restructured and issued the Notice on Reproduction and Promotion of the First Group of Innovative Experiences in Grass- roots  Reform, to promote the experience and practices of the commitment system reform of investment projects in our city to the whole province.

★Developing a New Model of“Multiple Certificates in One + Separation of

Certificates and Licenses”for the Reform of Business Admission and Operation In 2015, Jiangmen took the lead in the province in promoting the reform of“five certificates in one”, and later in 2016, it implemented the“nine certificates in one”reform. Jiangmen was the first city in China to realize comprehensive integration of certificates and licenses for generalforeign- funded enterprises, which facilitated foreign investment here.

After four rounds of reform and development,Jiangmen carried out pilot reforms to separate business licenses from business permits, reformed 275 items requiring government review and approval by enterprises into categories, and comprehensively solved the problem of "no business access" by canceling review and approval, replacing review and approval with filing, informing and promising, and optimizing the way of review and approval. In 2017, Jiangmen pioneered the implementation of the“separation of certificates and licenses”reform in the whole province. 134 post- approval classification reforms were carried out in two batches,“four reductions and one improvement”(i.e.reductions of process, time, materials, and costs and improvement inefficiency)in administrative approval was achieved, and817 projects were managed by investment commitment system with the average speed of pre-work increased by 1 to 2 months. All the above efforts made Jiangmen a city with the most reform items and benefits in most sectors forenterprises in Guangdong Province, and its business volume accounted for over 80% among all the provincial pilot areas.

In 2018, relying on full electronic registration and establishment of“one network for allservices”, Jiangmen took the initiative both in the province to offer the through- train service for Jiangmen-Hong Kong-Macao commercial registration, and in China to achieve offshore filing registration for foreign investment. In 2019, Jiangmen’s“Wechat + intelligentization”service for commercial registration was first put into use in Guangdong, and STM-the bank smart teller machine, was firstly used in China for certificates and licenses.Therefore, the commercial registration of“zero human intervention”,“full intelligent approval”, and“24/7 service”came true. Besides, the entire process of starting an enterprise could be completed within one day, also at the forefront in Guangdong Province.

★“Double Random and One Openness”Supervision Leading in the Country

Since 2016, Jiangmen has pioneered the exploration and implementation of“double random and one openness”supervision in Guangdong Province, and launched a spot check system universally used both at city and county levels. Jiangmen was also the first in the province toadvance cross-department joint spot checks to realize a new supervision pattern that used one system for“full wisdom”intensive supervision, following a set of rules for“full process”standard supervision, extended equal supervision for“full field”spot check coverage, and built the“five unifications, one promotion”system (i.e. unifying the system platform, management system, spot check standards, result application, and supervision and evaluation;promoting“checking only once at most”). The experience of regulatory reform has been replicated and promoted in the whole province, and Jiangmen was therefore determined as a national pilot city for cross-department joint supervision by the General Administration of Market Supervision.

Comprehensive supervision reshaped the market governance pattern. Jiangmen took the lead in Guangdong Province to implement cross-departmental information sharing and jointpunishment, and credit information was used in government procurement, project bidding, state-owned land transfer, financing credit, etc. for disciplinary punishment and trustworthy incentives.In 2020, continuous innovation to build a "prison" webcast regulatory enforcement pattern, broadcast domain by the expansion of the food safety regulation to market regulation, the whole field, take your point I'll find, mesh votes and no way to determine the inspection object, such as, double random checks, introduce representative, CPPCC supervision mechanism, the weekly broadcast live, real- time inspection results of the public, The program has been aired in 89 episodes, and each episode has attracted more than 200,000 netizens to participate, promoting market supervision and social governance, and creating a vivid practice of "whoever enforces the law is the one who popularizes the law."

★Construction of a "City without Barriers to Government Service"

To build into a“city with government services freely Available”, forms of providing approval and services are further optimized, and“one network for all services”and“one service for all demands”are promoted in Jiangmen.

In 2020, the rates of government services that wereprovided“immediately, online,nearby, and once for all demands”were respectively 92.08%,98.95%,99.96% and 97.81%.In 2020, the city will vigorously promote the application of public support of "digital government", such as electronic licenses, electronic seals and unified identity authentication, and build the city's electronic license system. The city has opened 250 kinds of electronic licenses, issuing 20.72 million pieces, supporting 16 systems and 498 government service items, and the licenses have been called 145,000 times. In 1,437 cases, permits were exempted. The 113 certification items retained by the original municipal departments in 2019 were sorted out and reduced one by one, and another 38 items were cancelled, with a reduction rate of 34% . The government hasalso established a mechanism for providing government services in the Bay Area with Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai and other cities, and achieved common access to 70 government services in the Bay Area. We have signed cooperation agreements with Guilin, Hezhou, Qitaihe, Chongzuo and other cities outside the province on cross- provincial government affairs services, realizing the cross-provincial administration of 114 items and 172 items were handled by the whole city.

Besides, the“5+ X”model was vigorously promoted to encourage appointment, postponement and work on holidays for government services in all government service halls of the city. And“clearing all barriers”in government services were fully carried out to tackle problems like queuing and repeating material submissions, and cancelled 195 items of proof with a reduction rate of 76% . Additionally, a batch of high- frequency government service matters were settled on platforms of“Affairs in Guangdong Province”(Yue Sheng Shi) and“Guangdong Business Links”(Yue Shang Tong). The APP platform of "Jiangmen Easy Service" will be built, and local characteristic government service matters will be online to provide efficient and convenient government service "Fingertips". The city has laid 652 self- service machines of "Window of Overseas Chinese Capital", and 123 high-frequency service items have been handled all over the city and "around the clock".

★To Create a“Peaceful Jiangmen”

“Good public security”has become a descriptor for Jiangmen city. In recent years,Jiangmen has been promoting a“ Peaceful Jiangmen ”campaign, which combines precautionary and crackdown measures, and has built a well- developed social disorder prevention and control system. Jiangmen has a low crime rate and enjoys a good social order. Jiangmen citizens have a solid sense of security.

★Great Achievements in the Reform and Construction of“Digital Government”

In August 2019, the“Overall Plan for the Construction of‘Digital Government’in Jiangmen (2019- 2021)”was officially issued and Jiangmen became the first city to make a local plan in accordance with the provincial planning framework. Jiangmen’s node (Phase I) of the provincial“Digital Government”cloud platform was completed and put into operation in October 2019, becoming one of the first regions in Guangdong to open the node.The platform of "Guangdong Administration and E- Commerce" (Yue Zheng Yi) has been fully applied, basically covering all public officials at the city, county, town and village levels.In addition,Jiangmen takes the lead in launching the“Guangdong Administrative Law Enforcement Information Platform and Network Supervision Platform”, whose purpose is to implement the provincial and municipal integration ;the city has explored reform experiences that can be replicated and promoted, such as“Wechat + Intelligent Approval”commercial registration, "Joint Office for Tax and Certificate" for real estate registration, "Bay Area General Office", "Government and Bank General Office" and "Cloud Chain Sign for Housing Transaction" for government services. The innovation of "Jiangmen Sample" has won popularity among the people, and a number of reforms have taken the lead in the province and even in the country.

In 2019,the relevant reports released, by FudanUniversity and the Digital China

Research Institute of the Stare Information Center, that Jiangmen ranked top 20 among the national sub-provincial and prefecture-level cities, and No. 3 in Guangdong Province.The“Multiple Certificates in One”reform took the lead in the country, which was praised by Premier Li Keqiang.“One-day Business Completion”of enterprises covers the whole city,leading the province as well. The city implemented the“Seven Speedy Services Integration”for real estate transaction registration and was selected as one o f the top 50 best cases of“Internet + Government Affairs”in China in 2018. The“Double Random Selection and One Publication”system covers 182 departments at the city and county levels. Innovative practices were encouraged by the State Council. In addition, the experiences of regulatory reforms have been forwarded and promoted by the State Administration of Market Regulation and Guangdong Government.In the Digital Government Reform and Construction Work Evaluation Report of Guangdong Province in 2020 issued by Guangdong Digital Government Research Institute, the digital government evaluation score of Guangdong ranked No.6 in the province.In the 2020 partial municipal information infrastructure deployment score, our city ranked first among the 14 cities in the province. Jiangmen Housing Transaction "Cloud Chain Sign" was selected as the 2020 Guangdong Province e- government innovation case and the 2020 China Digital Government Features Award 50, was included in the" 2020 Guangdong Province E- Government Development Research Report." In the city's 512 banking outlets have been innovative to open a "government and banking office" service area, reformpractices into the province's 2020 "digital government" construction excellent case.

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